Scorpions are a pest that are commonly found throughout the state of Arizona. They are an arachnid that can give a person or animal a painful sting if you catch them off guard and they feel threatened. It is important to understand what type of scorpions you are dealing with when it comes to controlling them. Pest Bros is here to talk about the most commonly found scorpion species in our East Valley area. WORRIED ABOUT SCORPIONS? CONTACT US FOR SERVICE.
Types of Scorpions Found in Southeastern Arizona
Arizona Bark Scorpion
The Arizona bark is the most dangerous scorpion in the United States and the only one in the country with venom potent enough to cause a fatality. Females give birth to 25-35 young at a time and carry their young on their backs for about the first three weeks of their lives. Each one has a lifespan of about six years, so if you find one on your property odds are there are a lot more.
The Arizona bark scorpion prefers a state of “negative geotaxis” or maintaining an upside-down body orientation, and is equipped to climb up walls and even across rough ceilings. For this reason many incidents are caused by disturbing a scorpion on the underside of an object such as a blanket or pillow. This species grows to around three inches long and has a light brown coloration.
Symptoms of a sting include pain, numbness/tingling, vomiting, and may cause a loss of breath for a short time. Small children and the elderly are most at risk, as well as adults with compromised immune systems. These may exhibit symptoms as drastic as paralysis, foaming at the mouth, and a seizure-like neuromotor syndrome. Two fatalities have been recorded since 1968.
Giant Hairy Scorpion
While the Arizona giant hairy scorpion can be alarming to look at, they aren’t as dangerous as the bark scorpions. The venom of a giant hairy scorpion is not very potent and its sting is said to hurt about as much as that of a common honey bee, though an allergic reaction to the venom may prove fatal. They are about five to six inches long and have furry yellow bodies with dark tops. Because they are so big, they can eat prey as large as other scorpions, lizards and even small snakes. This species is commonly found in washes or valleys and they tend to dig burrows, though they can also be found hiding under rocks.
This species can be differentiated from the Arizona bark scorpion by the stripes or marks on the back of its tail, and a generally thicker tail than that of a bark scorpion. It generally grows to around three inches in length. The stripe-tailed scorpion looks for the most humid area it can find, and is commonly found under objects such as rocks, sleeping bags, and shoes. The female can give birth to anywhere from 1-100 scorplings at a time, so two scorpions can become an infestation in no time if not treated quickly. Luckily, the venom of the stripe-tailed scorpion is not dangerous to humans or other mammals.
Yellow Ground Scorpion
The yellow ground scorpion is very similar to the stripe-tailed in length, burrowing habits and the fact that it seeks out moisture but, as connotated by the name, are more yellow in color. The tail of this species is wider and bulkier than that of the aforementioned, and it has thinner and more delicate claws. The venom is not considered dangerous to humans or other mammals.
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Are Scorpions Dangerous?
Arizonans know what a nuisance scorpions are in and around their home or business. Scorpions inflict painful stings to people and pets. Minor problems may result such as pain, numbness, tingling and swelling at the site or if the sting is from a bank scorpion you may experience more serious symptoms like fast breaths, a racing heart, weakness, high blood pressure and muscle twitches. If you are consistently finding scorpions in or around your home, please contact Pest Bros right away.